考试及练习 Early cherry blossom in Japan likely to be result of climate change 日本樱花盛花期提前或因气候变化所致

 

Early cherry blossom in Japan likely to be result of climate change 日本樱花盛花期提前或因气候变化所致

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在日本的传统中,樱花季节是春天的象征,研究发现,自1200年前开始有记录以来,今年的日本樱花盛花期来得是最早的。大阪大学收集的数据显示,2021年京都市的樱花季于3月26日迎来了盛花期

In Japan, viewing cherry blossom is a pastime that’s been enjoyed for centuries. Outings are organised to eat and drink while sitting beneath the white and pink flowers. The blossom marks the arrival of spring and reflects the transient beauty of nature.

在日本,观赏樱花是数百年来广受喜爱的消遣活动。人们会组织郊游,在粉白相间的花朵下边吃边喝。樱花盛开标志着春天的到来,反映了大自然稍纵即逝的美丽。

Down the ages, records of when the trees bloom have been kept by monks, aristocrats and officials. The data is so detailed and goes back so far, it’s allowed scientists to reconstruct Japan’s climate in centuries past.

古往今来,僧侣、贵族和官员们都对樱花树的开花日期有所记载。这些数据非常详细,而且可以追溯到很久以前,从而让科学家们能够重组几个世纪前日本的气候数据。

Following a warm spring, this year, the blossom has emerged in the city of Kyoto at its earliest date for 1,200 years. Peak blossom arrived on March 26th.

随着一个暖春的来临,今年京都市迎来了1200年来最早的花期。花朵于3月26日迎来盛花期。

The previous earliest date was way back in 1409, when the blossom came one day later. For the last 200 years, flowerings have generally come earlier and earlier caused, scientists think, by climate change.

上一次最早的盛花期要追溯到1409年,不过比今年晚一天。从整体上看来,过去200年间的开花时节来得越来越早,科学家们认为这是气候变化造成的。

词汇表

cherry blossom 樱花
pastime 消遣、娱乐(活动)
arrival 到来,来临
transient 转瞬即逝的,短暂的
bloom 开花
detailed 详细的,详尽的
reconstruct 重建,重组
emerged 出现
flowerings 开花时节,花期

阅读理解:请在读完上文后,回答下列问题。

1. True or false? In Japan, cherry blossom marks the end of spring.

2. Who have kept records of when the trees bloom down the ages?

3. On what day did the season reach its peak in 1409?

4. According to scientists, what has caused the flowerings to come earlier and earlier in the past 200 years?

答案  

1. True or false? In Japan, cherry blossom marks the end of spring.
False. It marks the arrival of spring.

2. Who have kept records of when the trees bloom down the ages?
Records of when the trees bloom have been kept by monks, aristocrats and officials.

3. On what day did the season reach its peak in 1409?
The cherry blossom season reached its peak on March 27th, a day later than this year’s earliest date.

4. According to scientists, what has caused the flowerings to come earlier and earlier in the past 200 years?
Scientists think climate change has caused the flowerings to come earlier and earlier for the last 200 years.

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