Vocabulary: lack of词汇: 缺觉
Winston Churchill used tofour hours a night during the war
Do you need a lot of? Some famous leaders are thought to have spent little time in the land of Nod so keen they were on their high-powered jobs.
The late Margaret Thatcher earned a reputation for getting by on four hours a night. Tirelessness became part of the former British PM’s mystique and her officials had to keep up with her. They could find themselves working on a speech until the small hours of the morning.
Ather British head of government, Winston Churchill, survived on four hours a night during the Second World War. But as the BBC reporter Tom de Castella points out, what is less often ted is that he had regular after on naps in his pyjamas.
Napoleon Bonaparte was not a man to sleep on the job. When asked how many hours of sleep he needed, the famous French general is said to have replied: “Six for a man, seven for a woman, eight for a fool.”
How about ordinary people? Should we try to stifle our yawns and embrace insomnia?
If you want to impress colleagues in the world of business it’s certainly something to strive for. High-profile chief executives from Marissa Mayer at Yahoo! to Pepsi’s Indra Nooyi get by on four hours a night, while Donald Trump claims to survive on three.
Geraint Anderson, author of City Boy, who worked as an analyst and stockbroker for 12 years, says: “There was a real macho competition in the City about sleep. One of the ways of getting respect was bragging about how little you got”.
Experts say that there’s nothing wrong with the habit of burning the midnight oil. The only rule is to sleep long enough to feel refreshed when you wake up.
Prof James Horne, at Loughborough’s sleep research centre, says that mood is critical. Soldiers high on adrenalin can function on little sleep: “If you’re despondent, you tend to sleep more; if you’re excited you need less”.
Some artists think that sleep deprivation can make them more creative but it might be worth carrying a pillow around. Keith Richards, the Rolling Stones guitarist, once stayed awake for nine days. When fatigue got the better of him, he collapsed and broke his nose.
Glossary 词汇表 （点击单词收听发音）
- to strive for争取，力求
- to brag about吹嘘，炫耀
- to burn the midnight oil熬夜，开夜车
- to feel refreshed感到精神焕发、神清气爽
- high on adrenalin大量分泌肾上腺素
- to function（可正常）工作
- sleep deprivation睡眠不足