每天学个英语知识点 What makes us late? 你为什么会迟到?

 

What makes us late? 你为什么会迟到?

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你经常迟到吗?你的迟到会让周围的人感到恼火吗?也许迟到不是你的错!本文讨论人们守时或迟到的原因。

词汇:punctuality 守时

As the saying goes, ‘time waits for no man’. Time is always against us, and we just can’t stop it. Maybe that’s why some of us are always running late for appointments. But if timekeeping is not what you’re good at, don’t stress. There might be a good reason for your lack of punctuality.

People’s attitudes to being on time vary. Some clock-watch and make sure they’re bang on time for a meeting. It is, after all, rude to be late, and if you can make it on time, why can’t everyone else? But if, like me, you want to make every second count, you might try to squeeze as much as you can into the time you have available. However, when your schedule doesn’t run to plan, your punctuality inevitably slips.

People who lack promptness have been described as ‘time benders’. Author Grace Pacie told the BBC that “they’re the people who don’t want to be late, but they have a strange resistance to being early, and they don’t allow enough time.” They assume their journey to an appointment will always go smoothly, and the train will always be on time!

Perceptions of unpunctual people are almost always negative – even if sometimes wrong. Writing for the BBC, Laura Clarke says: “Being consistently late might not be your fault. It could be your type. The punctually-challenged often share personality characteristics, such as optimism, low levels of self-control, anxiety, or a penchant for thrill-seeking, experts say. It is also possible people are late so not to be conspicuous and to avoid the anxious wait for others to turn up.

Maybe us latecomers should make more of an effort and follow the advice I heard to not ‘try’ to be on time but ‘decide’ to be on time. But I know if a meeting or a deadline really matters, then I’ll be there. Otherwise relax, even if others are cursing you! 

词汇表

time waits for no man 时不我待
running late 迟到
timekeeping 守时
be on time 准时
clock-watch 不停地看表
bang on time 非常准时,正好准时
make every second count 争分夺秒
schedule 日程安排表
promptness 准时,及时
time bender “弯曲时间的人”,总想在有限时间内做过多的事,从而导致经常迟到的人
unpunctual 不准时的
punctually-challenged 难于守时的人
penchant 倾向
conspicuous 显眼的
latecomer 迟到的人
deadline 截止日期,最后期限

测验与练习

1.  阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What do people who are often late try to do with their time?

2. True or false? According to the article, unpunctual people always have a negative attitude.

3. Why might someone not want to be on time at a meeting?

4. According to some advice, what should latecomers do instead of just trying to be on time?

5. What does author Grace Pacie think time benders have a resistance to?

2. 选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

1. After her boss warned her about her _______, she’s been early for every meeting.

timekeeping                latecomer                    clock-watching             deadline

2. I felt very _______ in the office because I was the only one wearing a suit!

resistant                      conspicuous                perception                    punctual

3. I was _______ for my flight departure only to find it was cancelled!

banging time               bang in time                bang on time                banging on time

4. According to the _______, there should be a bus leaving in ten minutes.

punctuality                  schedule                      promptness                 deadline

5. Roy is _______, so let’s go ahead and watch the film. He can catch up later.

running later               late running                 running late                  ran late

答案

1.  阅读课文并回答问题。  

1. What do people who are often late try to do with their time?
They want to squeeze as much as they can into the time available.

2. True or false? According to the article, unpunctual people always have a negative attitude.
False. Perceptions of unpunctual people are almost always negative even if sometimes wrong.  

3. Why might someone not want to be on time at a meeting?
Some people are late to a meeting so not to be conspicuous and avoid the anxious wait for others to turn up.

4. According to some advice, what should latecomers do instead of just trying to be on time?
Instead of trying to be on time, they should decide to be on time.

5. What does author Grace Pacie think time benders have a resistance to?
Grace Pacie says “they have a strange resistance to being early and they don’t allow enough time.”

2. 选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

1. After her boss warned her about her timekeeping, she’s been early for every meeting.

2. I felt very conspicuous in the office because I was the only one wearing a suit!

3. I was bang on time for my flight departure only to find it was cancelled!

4. According to the schedule, there should be a bus leaving in ten minutes.         

5. Roy is running late, so let’s go ahead and watch the film. He can catch up later.

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